Some unknown facts about Mars

Some unknown facts about Mars

Reddish rocky soil all around. It can be called Dhu Dhu Prantar. Somewhere high, again low. A group of researchers has set up base in this barren desert. A few solar panels tied to the manure a short distance away. Understandably, that is their source of electricity. Sunsan is silent, but sometimes the automatic robot (rover) passes by with a soft hum. It may look like Mars. At least the image of the red planet matches our imagination.
The place is in the desert of southern Israel. The name is Radmon Crater. Of the six groups currently settled there, five are men and one is women. From there, they will try to understand what life on Mars might be like.

NASA's Perseverance Rover has been able to successfully collects

amples from rocks on Mars. This is the first time the planet has been able to collect "rock fragments". That is why NASA has called it a historic achievement.

According to the US space agency, Perseverance has been successful in collecting samples by drilling or digging into a thick rock called Rochet. Samples have been found in Rover's collection tube. The tube in which the sample is placed is slightly thicker than a pencil.

The name of the temporary residence of the party is Amadi-20. Sleep inside, do research. Khawadawa is also there. When you go out, put on a space suit. Of course, it can be called fake, experimental. It has a camera, a microphone, and an artificial respiration system. Six members of the team are being monitored on camera round the clock.

Garnett Gromer, director of the Austrian Space Forum, told Reuters news agency: "Our key is to quickly identify errors, reduce costs and continue learning. Because the mistakes we make here, in this world, hopefully will not be repeated on Mars. '

The Austrian Association, along with the Israel Space Agency and the local organization D-Mars, is managing the Ramon Crater project.

Six people from different countries are working

The rover used in recent missions to Mars has caught the eye of astronomy fans. NASA's Perseverance is one of them, besides this the first small automatic helicopter called Ingenuity was also sent to Mars. It is possible to see the surface of the red planet, but it is difficult to understand how things would be if people went.

The Amadi-20 operation in the Israeli desert was scheduled for 2020. However, it was postponed for corona. Researchers want to use this experimental mission to make the mission a success. Gromer said the residence is currently the world's most complex, most modern, but analog research center.

Researchers are using drones for navigation because narrators will use GPS on Mars

The Earth's Global Positioning System (GPS) is out of order on Mars. So engineers and experts use drones and rovers for guidance.

In all, engineers and experts will conduct more than 20 tests. Research topics include geology, biology and medicine. They want to publish some results at the end of the test.

Alan Tenzer is one of the researchers. He was interviewed by Reuters in a space suit weighing about 50 kg. "There are six of us working in a small space," he said. The pressure to run many tests is on us. There will be challenges. But we have faith in our members, we will overcome the challenges. "

NASA robot on the chest of Mars

A NASA robot has landed on the surface of Mars.

At 10:55 pm local time in the United States, the robot named Perseverance landed on Mars' Jezero Crater, according to a BBC report.

Matt Wallace, deputy manager of the project, said the landing of the spacecraft was good news. My guess is, it's in a good position.

NASA staff were overwhelmed by the news of Mars touching the surface. They think it is a historic moment.

According to the BBC, the six-wheeled robot will now take part in various activities including observing the area for the next two years. At the same time, it will also find out if there was any life in the past.

Jezero is thought to have had a giant lake several thousand years ago. There may be water, there is the possibility of the existence of life. Perseverance began its journey of 460 million kilometers from Earth seven months ago.

Helicopters fly up to 2,310 feet 

The rotocraft that flew to the red planet on Mars flew at a speed of 12 miles per hour. It has been able to fly up to about 2310 feet. The rotocraft rose 33 feet above the ground. Scientists have been able to control the increase and decrease of speed while sitting on the earth and this rotocraft has become much faster than before.

110 people need to settle on Mars, says French scientist

There is no need for many people to start a new civilization on Mars. A French scientist claims that it is possible to build a new human civilization on the Red Planet with only 110 people.

According to a report in the Daily Mirror, Professor Jean-Marc Salotti has created a mathematical model at the Bordeaux Institute National Polytechnic in France. In it, he shows how many people are needed to produce the materials needed to survive on another planet outside of Earth or to create a habitable environment. In this case, he mentioned the red planet Mars as an example.

Saloti based his mathematical model on how much time a person needs to survive on another planet and how much time he has. He has also created the necessary structure for this.

An essential aspect of the model is sharing. It will take a few people to do a task, which will naturally take less time to do that task.

The concept of what is needed to survive on Mars has been taken from the engineering department.

According to the Saloti project, the settlers will live and farm in an oxygen-filled glass dome, which will help them survive. In addition, they need to focus on the use of natural resources.

Future Expeditions

NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander is to be named as the next expedition to Mars, with the exception of a short fly-by Ceres and Wester by the Don spacecraft. It was launched on August 4, 2006 and is expected to reach Mars's North Pole on March 25, 2006. This lander has a robotic arm with a reach of 2.5 meters. It is capable of digging up to one meter deep on the surface of Mars. The lander will land in an area where there is a possibility of ice just 30 cm below the surface. The attached microscopic camera is capable of resolving up to 1 / 1000th of the width of the human ear.

After Phoenix, Mars Science Laboratory will go to Mars in 2009. It is a larger and faster version of the Mars Exploration Rover. Its speed will be 90 meters per hour. Attached to the test is a laser chemical sample that can be used to determine the structural composition of a rock from a distance of 13 meters.

A sample return campaign called Phobos-Grant is planned as a joint venture between Russia and China. The spacecraft is scheduled to launch in 2009 to collect samples from the Mars satellite Phobos. In 2012, Essa announced the launch of its first rover to Mars. Named Exomers, the rover will be capable of digging up to 2 meters deep on the surface of Mars. Its main task will be to find organic molecules on Mars.

A joint venture between Finland and Russia is set to launch a mission to Mars called Metnet. Metnet will have 10 small landers. The purpose is to spread the landers over a wide area and build a large surface observation and search network. Through this, much can be learned about the physics of Mars, the structure of the atmosphere and meteorology. Its predecessor is to launch an initial mission with 1-2 landers between 2009 and 2011. One possibility is that it will be shipped with Russia's Phobos-Grant campaign, as a piggyback. Other launches will be completed by 2019 through the operational launch window.

In 2004, US President George W. Bush announced a policy called Vision of Space Exploration. It says sending manned missions to Mars is the most important part of the United States' far-reaching dream. With this dream in mind, NASA and Lockheed Martin have jointly begun designing the Orion spacecraft. Orion will be the crew member of the planned mission to return to the moon in 2020. The lunar mission is planned in preparation for sending people to Mars.

Geology on Mars

The surface of Mars is composed mainly of basalt. This information has been confirmed by observing its orbital features and studying a large number of Martian meteors. Several studies have shown that some parts of Mars contain more silica than basalt. This region is much like the endesite (a type of igneous rock) of the earth. These observations can also be explained by silica glass. Much of the surface is covered by fine iron oxide compounds. This compound, known as dust particles, is much like talcum powder

Mars has no internal magnetic field. But some observations have shown that some parts of its crust are magnetized. This magnetism caused by a magnetically susceptible mineral is called paleomagnetism. This type of paleomagnetism is very similar to the alternating band found in the Earth's ocean floor. By studying this observation and conducting extensive research with the help of the Mars Global Surveyor, a theory was established in 1999 which was re-examined in October 2005. According to this theory, the observed bands are a pattern of plate rock formation on Mars. Such topography existed on Mars up to 4 billion years ago. But 4 billion years ago, when the planetary dynamo collapsed, the magnetic field was removed. [

Hydrology on Mars

At present the atmospheric pressure on Mars is so low that it is impossible to contain liquid water. But there is ice on Mars. Its two poles are made up entirely of ice. In March 2006, NASA announced in a special statement that the melting of the ice at the South Pole of Mars would cause the entire planet to sink and the depth of the water would be about 11 meters (36 feet). In addition, a permafrost mantle of 

ice extends from the polar region to an area of ​​60 latitude. This water can only come out if the chrysosphere is destroyed by a volcanic eruption. Such an explosion occurred long ago, which caused the formation of the Valis Mariners on Mars. At this time in history a huge amount of water came out which was enough to form a huge river valley. Another such event occurred 5 million years ago today, due to which a canyon called Cerberus foci was exposed. This created an ice sea that can still be seen. This sea is now called Elysium Planetia.

Most recently, some high-resolution images of Mars were captured by a Mars Orbiter camera on the Mars Global Surveyor. As a result, much has been learned about the history of the existence of liquid water on the surface of Mars. Patterns of some of the massive flood-causing channels have been found there and the existence of numerous tributary river-like streams associated with it has also been proved. But no small formations were found that could be identified as the source of the floodwaters. At present, however, none of them are alive. There are only patterns of them. Climate change is thought to be the cause of their extinction. 

From this it is understood how old these structures were. Volcanic volcanoes and deep ravines around the surrounding area have been captured in a number of formations, which are very similar to the gutters in the shape of the drainage system that encloses the ocean. These canyons are located in the highlands of the southern hemisphere of Mars. They face the equator and all are polar at 30 latitude. Researchers did not find any canyons that were partially or completely damaged. They did not even find any impact on each other. From this it is understood that these structures are quite new.

The bones of animals on Mars

In 2014, a heated discussion started with another picture taken by Curiosity Rover. Many people think that the object marked in the picture is the thigh rate of a human or a dinosaur-like creature. Many have strongly suggested that these bones belong to an advanced animal. So who are these animals and why or why they are extinct today is a big question. But NASA scientists have completely ruled out this possibility. According to them, these are caused by the erosion of rocks due to humid weather, wind or water flow.

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